/////////////////

重返廣場:中國六四事件30週年特展/攝影展
- 大型裝置藝術:5月21日至6月5日,中正紀念堂 民主大道
- 展覽 / 表演:5月24日至6月5日,中正紀念堂 1F中央通廊

一九八九年四月,北京各大學學生遊行悼念病逝的改革派領導人胡耀邦,要求民主自由、反對貪腐,佔領天安門廣場並絕食抗議。學生訴求普遍獲各大城市民眾響應,匯為八九民運。當時中國領導人鄧小平為保中共政權,下令開槍清場,部隊沿街掃射,於六月四日凌晨前後造成至少數千人死亡,並在事後於全國搜捕民運人士。此事件至今仍為當局禁止言說的禁忌。

這個紀念「六四事件」的特展分為兩個展區:在民主大道上的《坦克人》充氣裝置,是再現中國政治藝術家巴丟草於二〇一八年發起《坦克人全球召集快閃行動》所繪製的插畫。而在中央通廊展區的特展,則是使用大量台灣當年平面新聞媒體的相關報導,試圖帶領大家回顧這個曾經也讓台灣人群起激昂的歷史事件,也整理出一九八九年至二〇一九年,這三十年間中國與台灣的接觸與交流,以及在過去的每一年,我們又是如何追憶六四事件。在六四事件相關剪報之間,穿插了來自香港六四紀念館的收藏,有當年中國學生的傳單、宣言、影像與錄音,讓我們得以更進一步貼近事件的現場。而在這三十年的新聞回顧裡,有台灣旅法漫畫家林莉菁在《我的青春 我的Formose》中,以自傳體的方式,重述對六四事件的記憶與自我認同的過程,以及巴丟草的坦克人行動作品記錄與他近年針對六四事件的政治插畫。另外,在攝影展區中,是台灣攝影師謝三泰當年親歷學運現場的珍貴影像紀錄作品,與香港六四紀念館所提供的影像檔案。

三十年過去,當年的流血清場仍無官員負責。中國雖因經濟改革崛起,然而貪官橫行、人權壓迫事件層出不窮,同時也將獨裁之手伸向世界各國。面對台灣,中國一面加強武力威迫,一面多方滲透利誘,向台灣民眾推銷「只有一國、沒有兩制」的「九二共識」。中國能否由獨裁走向民主,將決定台灣乃至世界的命運。在三十年後的今天,讓我們回望歷史,在龐大的專制政權面前和那些過去現在不斷反抗的人民站在一起,守護我們共同的民主信念與價值。

合作單位:華人民主學院、大陸委員會、臺灣民主基金會

BACK TO TIANANMEN: MEMORY AS A FORM OF RESISTANCE
A Special Exhibition for Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre
Tank Man installation on Democracy Boulevard: 2019 May 21th to June 5th
Exhibition/Performance in Central gallery: 2019 May to June 5th
In April 1989, students from various universities in Beijing marched to mourn the death of reformist leader Hu Yaobang, to demand democracy and freedom, to oppose corruption, by occupying the Tiananmen Square and launching hunger strikes. Students’ appeals have generally been responded to by people from major cities and altogether congregated the 1989 pro-democracy movement. At the time, the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping ordered the army to clear the scene “by all means necessary.” From the evening on June 3rd to the morning of June 4th, the army advanced to the Tiananmen Square and opened fire on unarmed citizens along the way, killing thousands of people. Many peaceful demonstrators were tracked down and arrested afterwards. Today, the June 4th Incident is still a taboo for the Chinese authorities.

This special exhibition which devote to commemorate the June 4th Incident is divided into 2 venues: the Tank Man at Democracy Boulevard is an inflatable installation inspired by Chinese artist, Badiucao’s cartoon work. In the central gallery, I use a large number of archives such as reports from Taiwan’s newspapers and collections from the June 4th Museum in Hong Kong, trying to lead everyone to review this historical event that once also caused the Taiwanese people to be passionate. Between the press clipping related to the June 4th Incident, a lot of archives such as leaflets, declarations, images, and recordings are provided by the June 4th Museum in Hong Kong. I also refer to history through the archives, then remake of posters and protest banners. Through a variety of archival documents, we are able to get closer to the scene of the incident.

On the other hand, I also arrange the news review between 1989-2019 where we can discover how the relationship changes between China and Taiwan. The Taiwanese graphic novel artist, Lin Lijing, retells the memory and self-identification process through the June 4th incident in the form of autobiography. Badiucao’s Tank Man and his political cartoon works relate to the June 4th Incident are also presented in this area to resonate with the news review. In addition, the precious images of Taiwanese photographer Hsien Santai who witnessed the scene of the protest and some photo archives provided by the June 4th Museum in Hong Kong are presented in the photography area.

Thirty years have passed, no one has taken responsibility for the bloody massacre. Although China has turned a new page based on its economic growth, corruption and human rights violations are in the same time omnipresent. Additionally, Beijing has now extended its dictatorship and control to countries all over the world. For Taiwan, while strengthening its military threats, Beijing has advanced with various ways of infiltration, promoting the deceptive “one country, two systems” propaganda.

Whether China can move from dictatorship to democracy will determine the future of Taiwan and the world. Today, 30 years later, let’s revisit the history, support pro-democracy movement across China, and fight against autocracy to safeguard universal values and our democratic way of life.

Support by New School for Democracy, Mainland Affairs Council, Taiwan Foundation for Democracy