- 大型裝置藝術：5月21日至6月5日，中正紀念堂 民主大道
- 展覽 / 表演：5月24日至6月5日，中正紀念堂 1F中央通廊
BACK TO TIANANMEN: MEMORY AS A FORM OF RESISTANCE
A Special Exhibition for Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre
Tank Man installation on Democracy Boulevard: 2019 May 21th to June 5th
Exhibition/Performance in Central gallery: 2019 May to June 5th
In April 1989, students from various universities in Beijing marched to mourn the death of reformist leader Hu Yaobang, to demand democracy and freedom, to oppose corruption, by occupying the Tiananmen Square and launching hunger strikes. Students’ appeals have generally been responded to by people from major cities and altogether congregated the 1989 pro-democracy movement. At the time, the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping ordered the army to clear the scene “by all means necessary.” From the evening on June 3rd to the morning of June 4th, the army advanced to the Tiananmen Square and opened fire on unarmed citizens along the way, killing thousands of people. Many peaceful demonstrators were tracked down and arrested afterwards. Today, the June 4th Incident is still a taboo for the Chinese authorities.
This special exhibition which devote to commemorate the June 4th Incident is divided into 2 venues: the Tank Man at Democracy Boulevard is an inflatable installation inspired by Chinese artist, Badiucao’s cartoon work. In the central gallery, I use a large number of archives such as reports from Taiwan’s newspapers and collections from the June 4th Museum in Hong Kong, trying to lead everyone to review this historical event that once also caused the Taiwanese people to be passionate. Between the press clipping related to the June 4th Incident, a lot of archives such as leaflets, declarations, images, and recordings are provided by the June 4th Museum in Hong Kong. I also refer to history through the archives, then remake of posters and protest banners. Through a variety of archival documents, we are able to get closer to the scene of the incident.
On the other hand, I also arrange the news review between 1989-2019 where we can discover how the relationship changes between China and Taiwan. The Taiwanese graphic novel artist, Lin Lijing, retells the memory and self-identification process through the June 4th incident in the form of autobiography. Badiucao’s Tank Man and his political cartoon works relate to the June 4th Incident are also presented in this area to resonate with the news review. In addition, the precious images of Taiwanese photographer Hsien Santai who witnessed the scene of the protest and some photo archives provided by the June 4th Museum in Hong Kong are presented in the photography area.
Thirty years have passed, no one has taken responsibility for the bloody massacre. Although China has turned a new page based on its economic growth, corruption and human rights violations are in the same time omnipresent. Additionally, Beijing has now extended its dictatorship and control to countries all over the world. For Taiwan, while strengthening its military threats, Beijing has advanced with various ways of infiltration, promoting the deceptive “one country, two systems” propaganda.
Whether China can move from dictatorship to democracy will determine the future of Taiwan and the world. Today, 30 years later, let’s revisit the history, support pro-democracy movement across China, and fight against autocracy to safeguard universal values and our democratic way of life.
Support by New School for Democracy, Mainland Affairs Council, Taiwan Foundation for Democracy